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The examiner's ultrasound experience has a significant impact on the detection rate of congenital heart defects at the second-trimester fetal examination.

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Bernasconi A, Azancot A, Simpson JM, Jones A, Sharland GK.

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Heart. 2005 Dec;91(12):1590-4.

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Zhou QC, Zhang J, Zhang M, Peng QH, Cao DM, Wang XY.

Utilising ductus venosus Doppler waveform and four-chamber view to screen for foetal cardiac malformation in early second trimester of pregnancy.

Chin Med J (Engl). 2005 Nov 5;118(21):1791-6.

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McAuliffe FM, Trines J, Nield LE, Chitayat D, Jaeggi E, Hornberger LK.

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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Sep;193(3 Pt 2):1253-9.

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Li H, Wei J, Ma Y, Shang T.

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J Zhejiang Univ Sci B. 2005 Sep;6(9):903-6.

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Economic modelling of antenatal screening and ultrasound scanning programmes for identification of fetal abnormalities.

BJOG. 2005 Jul;112(7):866-74.

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Muller PR, James A, Feldman K, Herlong JR.

Utility of fetal echocardiogram in high-risk patients.

Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 2005 Apr;45(2):117-21.

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Perri T, Cohen-Sacher B, Hod M, Berant M, Meizner I, Bar J.

Risk factors for cardiac malformations detected by fetal echocardiography in a tertiary center.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2005 Feb;17(2):123-8.

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Sharland G.

Routine fetal cardiac screening: what are we doing and what should we do?

Prenat Diagn. 2004 Dec 30;24(13):1123-9. Review.

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Yates RS.

The influence of prenatal diagnosis on postnatal outcome in patients with structural congenital heart disease.

Prenat Diagn. 2004 Dec 30;24(13):1143-9. Review.

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Carvalho JS, Moscoso G, Tekay A, Campbell S, Thilaganathan B, Shinebourne EA.

Clinical impact of first and early second trimester fetal echocardiography on high risk pregnancies.

Heart. 2004 Aug;90(8):921-6.

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Sklansky M.

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Pediatr Cardiol. 2004 May-Jun;25(3):307-21. Review.

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Simpson LL

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J Clin Ultrasound. 2004 Mar-Apr;32(3):123-8.


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Carrico A, Matias A, Areias JC.

How important is a cardiac echogenic focus in a routine fetal examination?

Rev Port Cardiol. 2004 Mar;23(3):459-61.

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Sepulveda W, Wimalasundera RC, Taylor MJ, Blunt S, Be C, De La Fuente S.

Prenatal ultrasound findings in complete trisomy 9.

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2003 Nov;22(5):479-83.

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Sklansky M.

New dimensions and directions in fetal cardiology.

Curr Opin Pediatr. 2003 Oct;15(5):463-71. Review.

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Sieroszewski P, Suzin J, Bas-Budecka E.

[Diagnostic methods for fetal malformations in the first half of pregnancy]

Ginekol Pol. 2003 Oct;74(10):1276-83. Polish

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Vinals F, Poblete P, Giuliano A.

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Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2003 Oct;22(4):388-94.

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Vinals F, Heredia F, Giuliano A.

The role of the three vessels and trachea view (3VT) in the diagnosis of congenital heart defects.

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2003 Oct;22(4):358-67.

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Smrcek JM, Gembruch U, Krokowski M, Berg C, Krapp M, Geipel A, Germer U.

The evaluation of cardiac biometry in major cardiac defects detected in early pregnancy.

Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2003 Jun;268(2):94-101. Epub 2002 Oct 29.

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Stoll C, Clementi M; Euroscan study group.

Prenatal diagnosis of dysmorphic syndromes by routine fetal ultrasound examination across Europe.

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2003 Jun;21(6):543-51.

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Allan LD.

Cardiac anatomy screening: what is the best time for screening in pregnancy?

Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 2003 Apr;15(2):143-6. Review.

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DeVore GR.

The role of fetal echocardiography in genetic sonography.

Semin Perinatol. 2003 Apr;27(2):160-72. Review.

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Benn PA.

Advances in prenatal screening for Down syndrome: II first trimester testing, integrated testing, and future directions.

Clin Chim Acta. 2002 Oct;324(1-2):1-11. Review.

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Carvalho JS, Mavrides E, Shinebourne EA, Campbell S, Thilaganathan B.

Improving the effectiveness of routine prenatal screening for major congenital heart defects.

Heart. 2002 Oct;88(4):387-91.

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Brick DH, Allan LD.

Outcome of prenatally diagnosed congenital heart disease: an update.

Pediatr Cardiol. 2002 Jul-Aug;23(4):449-53.

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Comas Gabriel C, Galindo A, Martinez JM, Carrera JM, Gutierrez-Larraya F, de la Fuente P, Puerto B, Borrell A.

Early prenatal diagnosis of major cardiac anomalies in a high-risk population.

Prenat Diagn. 2002 Jul;22(7):586-93.

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Haak MC, Bartelings MM, Gittenberger-De Groot AC, Van Vugt JM.

Cardiac malformations in first-trimester fetuses with increased nuchal translucency: ultrasound diagnosis and postmortem morphology.

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2002 Jul;20(1):14-21.

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Drysdale K, Ridley D, Walker K, Higgins B, Dean T.

First-trimester pregnancy scanning as a screening tool for high-risk and abnormal pregnancies in a district general hospital setting.

J Obstet Gynaecol. 2002 Mar;22(2):159-65.

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Borruto F, Comparetto C, Acanfora L, Bertini G, Rubaltelli FF.

Role of ultrasound evaluation of nuchal translucency in prenatal diagnosis.

Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. 2002;29(4):235-41.

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Cloez JL, Droulle P.

[Prenatal detection and management of congenital heart disease]

Arch Pediatr. 2001 Oct;8(10):1113-5. French.

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Meyer-Wittkopf M, Cooper S, Sholler G.

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Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2001 May;17(5):392-7.

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Garne E, Stoll C, Clementi M; Euroscan Group.

Evaluation of prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart diseases by ultrasound: experience from 20 European registries.

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2001 May;17(5):386-91.

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Stoll C, Garne E, Clementi M; EUROSCAN Study Group.

Evaluation of prenatal diagnosis of associated congenital heart diseases by fetal ultrasonographic examination in Europe.

Prenat Diagn. 2001 Apr;21(4):243-52.

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Fasnacht MS, Jaeggi ET.

[Fetal and genetic aspects of congenital heart disease]

Ther Umsch. 2001 Feb;58(2):70-5. Review. German.

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Cook AC

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Cardiol Young. 2001 Jan;11(1):97-110. Review.


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Comstock CH.

What to expect from routine midtrimester screening for congenital heart disease.

Semin Perinatol. 2000 Oct;24(5):331-42. Review.

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Allan LD.

A practical approach to fetal heart scanning.

Semin Perinatol. 2000 Oct;24(5):324-30. Review.

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Hunter S, Heads A, Wyllie J, Robson S.

Prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease in the northern region of England: benefits of a training programme for obstetric ultrasonographers.

Heart. 2000 Sep;84(3):294-8.

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Lynch S, McLaughlin P, Balian A, Pyles L, Simmons M, Einzig S.

Fetal echocardiography at West Virginia University: a seven-year experience.

W V Med J. 2000 Sep-Oct;96(5):560-3.

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Todros T.

Prenatal diagnosis and management of fetal cardiovascular malformations.

Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 2000 Apr;12(2):105-9. Review.

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Srinivasan S.

Fetal echocardiography.

Indian J Pediatr. 2000 Mar;67(3 Suppl):S20-5. Review.

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Xavier P, Matias A, Silva JT, Montenegro N, Areias JC.

Prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease. Critical evaluation of a twelve-month experience.

Rev Port Cardiol. 2000 Feb;19(2):203-12. English, Portuguese.

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Paladini D, Tartaglione A, Agangi A, Teodoro A, Forleo F, Borghese A, Martinelli P.

The association between congenital heart disease and Down syndrome in prenatal life.

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2000 Feb;15(2):104-8.

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Fesslova' V, Nava S, Villa L.

Evolution and long term outcome in cases with fetal diagnosis of congenital heart disease: Italian multicentre study. Fetal Cardiology Study Group of the Italian Society of Pediatric Cardiology.

Heart. 1999 Nov;82(5):594-9.

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Schwarzler P, Carvalho JS, Senat MV, Masroor T, Campbell S, Ville Y.

Screening for fetal aneuploidies and fetal cardiac abnormalities by nuchal translucency thickness measurement at 10-14 weeks of gestation as part of routine antenatal care in an unselected population.

Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1999 Oct;106(10):1029-34.

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Hofbeck M, Rauch R, Beinder E, Buheitel G, Leipold G, Rauch A, Singer H.

[Rate of prenatal detection of congenital right heart defects]

Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol. 1999 Sep-Oct;203(5):207-12. German.

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Leung MP, Tang MH, Ghosh A.

Prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart malformations: classification based on abnormalities detected by the four-chamber view.

Prenat Diagn. 1999 Apr;19(4):305-13.

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Isaksen CV, Eik-Nes SH, Blaas HG, Tegnander E, Torp SH.

Comparison of prenatal ultrasound and postmortem findings in fetuses and infants with congenital heart defects.

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 1999 Feb;13(2):117-26.

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Uerpairojkit B, Witoonpanich P.

Prenatal ultrasound diagnosis in Thailand.

Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 1999;30 Suppl 2:193-5.

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Fernandez CO, Ramaciotti C, Martin LB, Twickler DM.

The four-chamber view and its sensitivity in detecting congenital heart defects.

Cardiology. 1998 Dec;90(3):202-6.

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Stoll C, Alembik Y, Dott B, Meyer MJ, Pennerath A, Peter MO, De Geeter B.

Evaluation of prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease.

Prenat Diagn. 1998 Aug;18(8):801-7.

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Macedo AJ, Cruz C, Ribeiro H, Ferreira M, Kaku S.

[Prenatal cardiology. Suspicion to confirmation]

Acta Med Port. 1998 Jul;11(7):655-8. Portuguese.

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Carvalho JS, Moscoso G, Ville Y.

First-trimester transabdominal fetal echocardiography.

Lancet. 1998 Apr 4;351(9108):1023-7. Erratum in: Lancet 1998 Jul 25;352(9124):328.

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Sebire NJ, Nicolaides KH.

Screening for fetal abnormalities in multiple pregnancies.

Baillieres Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 1998 Mar;12(1):19-36. Review.

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Todros T, Faggiano F, Chiappa E, Gaglioti P, Mitola B, Sciarrone A.

Accuracy of routine ultrasonography in screening heart disease prenatally. Gruppo Piemontese for Prenatal Screening of Congenital Heart Disease.

Prenat Diagn. 1997 Oct;17(10):901-6.

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Buskens E, Steyerberg EW, Hess J, Wladimiroff JW, Grobbee DE.

Routine prenatal screening for congenital heart disease: what can be expected? A decision-analytic approach.

Am J Public Health. 1997 Jun;87(6):962-7.

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Stumpflen I, Stumpflen A, Wimmer M, Bernaschek G.

Effect of detailed fetal echocardiography as part of routine prenatal ultrasonographic screening on detection of congenital heart disease.

Lancet. 1996 Sep 28;348(9031):854-7.

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Buskens E, Grobbee DE, Frohn-Mulder IM, Stewart PA, Juttmann RE, Wladimiroff JW, Hess J.

Efficacy of routine fetal ultrasound screening for congenital heart disease in normal pregnancy.

Circulation. 1996 Jul 1;94(1):67-72.

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Papp Z, Toth-Pal E, Papp C, Toth Z, Szabo M, Veress L, Torok O.

Impact of prenatal mid-trimester screening on the prevalence of fetal structural anomalies: a prospective epidemiological study.

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 1995 Nov;6(5):320-6.

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Abu-Harb M, Wyllie J, Hey E, Richmond S, Wren C.

Antenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease and Down's syndrome: the potential effect on the practice of paediatric cardiology.

Br Heart J. 1995 Aug;74(2):192-8.

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Tegnander E, Eik-Nes SH, Johansen OJ, Linker DT.

Prenatal detection of heart defects at the routine fetal examination at 18 weeks in a non-selected population.

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 1995 Jun;5(6):372-80.

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Wilson NJ, Allen BC, Clarkson PM, Knight DB, Roberts AB, Calder AL.

One year audit of a referral fetal echocardiography service.

N Z Med J. 1994 Jul 13;107(981):258-60.

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Simpson LL, Marx GR.

Diagnosis and treatment of structural fetal cardiac abnormality and dysrhythmia.

Semin Perinatol. 1994 Jun;18(3):215-27. Review.

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Allan LD, Sharland GK, Milburn A, Lockhart SM, Groves AM, Anderson RH, Cook AC, Fagg NL.

Prospective diagnosis of 1,006 consecutive cases of congenital heart disease in the fetus.

J Am Coll Cardiol. 1994 May;23(6):1452-8.

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Shultz SM, Pretorius DH, Budorick NE.

Four-chamber view of the fetal heart: demonstration related to menstrual age.

J Ultrasound Med. 1994 Apr;13(4):285-9.

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Macedo AJ, Ferreira M, Sampayo F.

[Fetal cardiology. Bases for the prenatal diagnosis of congenital cardiopathies]

Acta Med Port. 1993 Nov;6 Suppl 1:I15-21. Portuguese.

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Pretorius DH, Budorick NE, Scioscia AL, Krabbe JK, Ko S, Myhre CM.

Twin pregnancies in the second trimester in women in an alpha-fetoprotein screening program: sonographic evaluation and outcome.

AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1993 Nov;161(5):1007-13.

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Allan LD.

Fetal diagnosis of fatal congenital heart disease.

J Heart Lung Transplant. 1993 Nov-Dec;12(6 Pt 2):S159-60.

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Bronshtein M, Zimmer EZ, Gerlis LM, Lorber A, Drugan A.

Early ultrasound diagnosis of fetal congenital heart defects in high-risk and low-risk pregnancies.

Obstet Gynecol. 1993 Aug;82(2):225-9.

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Wigton TR, Sabbagha RE, Tamura RK, Cohen L, Minogue JP, Strasburger JF.

Sonographic diagnosis of congenital heart disease: comparison between the four-chamber view and multiple cardiac views.

Obstet Gynecol. 1993 Aug;82(2):219-24.

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Beinder E, Voigt HJ, Hofbeck M.

[Screening for fetal heart defects in the four chamber view with evaluation of larger arteries: possibilities and limits]

Z Geburtshilfe Perinatol. 1993 Jul-Aug;197(4):165-71. German.

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Stoll C, Alembik Y, Dott B, Roth PM, De Geeter B.

Evaluation of prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease.

Prenat Diagn. 1993 Jun;13(6):453-61.

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Paladini D, Calabro R, Palmieri S, D'Andrea T.

Prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease and fetal karyotyping.

Obstet Gynecol. 1993 May;81(5 ( Pt 1)):679-82.

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Stoll C, Dott B, Alembik Y, Roth MP.

Evaluation of routine prenatal ultrasound examination in detecting fetal chromosomal abnormalities in a low risk population.

Hum Genet. 1993 Mar;91(1):37-41.

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Cullen S, Sharland GK, Allan LD, Sullivan ID.

Potential impact of population screening for prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease.

Arch Dis Child. 1992 Jul;67(7 Spec No):775-8.

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Sharland GK, Allan LD.

Screening for congenital heart disease prenatally. Results of a 2 1/2-year study in the South East Thames Region.

Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1992 Mar;99(3):220-5.

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Dallaire L, Michaud J, Melancon SB, Potier M, Lambert M, Mitchell G, Boisvert J.

Prenatal diagnosis of fetal anomalies during the second trimester of pregnancy: their characterization and delineation of defects in pregnancies at risk.

Prenat Diagn. 1991 Aug;11(8):629-35.

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Allan LD, Cook A, Sullivan I, Sharland GK.

Hypoplastic left heart syndrome: effects of fetal echocardiography on birth prevalence.

Lancet. 1991 Apr 20;337(8747):959-61.

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Pitkin RM.

Screening and detection of congenital malformation.

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1991 Apr;164(4):1045-8.

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Stephens JD.

Accuracy of apical four-chamber view as screen for congenital heart disease.

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1990 Jul;163(1 Pt 1):249-50. No abstract available.

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Rottem S, Bronshtein M

Transvaginal sonographic diagnosis of congenital anomalies between 9 weeks and 16 weeks, menstrual age.

J Clin Ultrasound. 1990 May;18(4):307-14.

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Jafarey SN.

A single ultrasound examination in pregnancy.

J Pak Med Assoc. 1990 Mar;40(3):79. No abstract available. Erratum in: JPMA J Pak Med Assoc 1990 Jun;40(6):144.

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Fyfe DA, Kline CH.

Fetal echocardiographic diagnosis of congenital heart disease.

Pediatr Clin North Am. 1990 Feb;37(1):45-67. Review.

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Kronich W, Salzer-Muhar U, Strigl E, Gerstner GJ.

[Prenatal ultrasound diagnosis of complex heart abnormality in routine screening]

Ultraschall Med. 1990 Feb;11(1):48-50. German.

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Davis GK, Farquhar CM, Allan LD, Crawford DC, Chapman MG.

Structural cardiac abnormalities in the fetus: reliability of prenatal diagnosis and outcome.

Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1990 Jan;97(1):27-31.

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Natho W, Kirsch M, Abet L, Bollmann R, Prenzlau P, Grauel EL, Bartho S.

[Perinatal imaging diagnosis in twin pregnancies with humanus amorphus]

Zentralbl Gynakol. 1990;112(11):679-88. German.

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Mellick JD, Radford DJ, Galbraith AJ.

Fetal echocardiography in the diagnosis of congenital heart disease.

Aust Paediatr J. 1989 Dec;25(6):356-60. Review.

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Allan LD, Chita SK, Sharland GK, Fagg NL, Anderson RH, Crawford DC.

The accuracy of fetal echocardiography in the diagnosis of congenital heart disease.

Int J Cardiol. 1989 Dec;25(3):279-88.

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Cooke SG, Wilde P.

Fetal echocardiography--four years experience in Bristol.

Clin Radiol. 1989 Nov;40(6):568-72.

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Sorensen K, Brocks V, Jacobsen JR.

[Prenatal detection of congenital heart disease]

Ugeskr Laeger. 1989 Sep 25;151(39):2498-500. Danish.

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Brown DL, Emerson DS, Cartier MS, Felker RE, DiSessa TG, Smith WC.

Congenital cardiac anomalies: prenatal sonographic diagnosis.

AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1989 Jul;153(1):109-14. No abstract available

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Wetherington K.

Prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease using fetal echocardiography.

J Med Assoc Ga. 1989 Jun;78(6):361-3. Review. No abstract available.

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Silverman NH.

Apical four-chamber ultrasonography as screen for congenital heart disease.

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1989 Apr;160(4):1017-8. No abstract available.

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Lys F, De Wals P, Borlee-Grimee I, Billiet A, Vincotte-Mols M, Levi S.

Evaluation of routine ultrasound examination for the prenatal diagnosis of malformation.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 1989 Feb;30(2):101-9.

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Nikolov V, Khadzhiev A, Dimitrova V.

[Echographic morphometry of the fetal septum pellucidum in term pregnancy and in cases of congenital malformations]

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia). 1989;28(6):15-20. Bulgarian.

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Copel JA, Kleinman CS.

Fetal echocardiography in the diagnosis and management of fetal heart disease.

Clin Diagn Ultrasound. 1989;25:67-83. Review. No abstract available.

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Parness IA, Yeager SB, Sanders SP, Benacerraf B, Colan SD, VanPraagh R.

Echocardiographic diagnosis of fetal heart defects in mid trimester.

Arch Dis Child. 1988 Oct;63(10 Spec No):1137-45.

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Allan LD.

Diagnosis of fetal cardiac abnormality.

Br J Hosp Med. 1988 Oct;40(4):290-3.

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Shafi MI, Constantine G, Rowlands D.

Routine one-stage ultrasound screening in pregnancy.

Lancet. 1988 Oct 1;2(8614):804. No abstract available.

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Crawford DC, Chita SK, Allan LD.

Prenatal detection of congenital heart disease: factors affecting obstetric management and survival.

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1988 Aug;159(2):352-6.

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Nishi T, Yamoto M, Nakano R.

Prenatal diagnosis of exstrophy of the cloaca with ectopia cordis.

Asia Oceania J Obstet Gynaecol. 1988 Jun;14(2):213-7. No abstract available.

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Marasini M, Cordone M, Pongiglione G, Lituania M, Bertolini A, Ribaldone D.

In utero ultrasound diagnosis of congenital heart disease.

J Clin Ultrasound. 1988 Feb;16(2):103-7.

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Kronich W, Salzer-Muhar U, Strigl E, Gerstner GJ.

[Prenatal diagnosis of complex vitium cordis in routine ultrasound screening]

Gynakol Rundsch. 1988;28 Suppl 2:172-4. German. No abstract available.

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Hata T, Takamori H, Hata K, Takamiya O, Murao F, Kitao M.

Antenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease and fetal arrhythmia by ultrasound: prospective study.

Gynecol Obstet Invest. 1988;26(2):118-25.

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Copel JA, Pilu G, Green J, Hobbins JC, Kleinman CS.

Fetal echocardiographic screening for congenital heart disease: the importance of the four-chamber view.

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1987 Sep;157(3):648-55.

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Al-Gazali W, Chapman MG, Chita SK, Crawford DC, Allan LD.

Doppler assessment of umbilical artery blood flow for the prediction of outcome in fetal cardiac abnormality.

Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1987 Aug;94(8):742-5.

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Hegge FN, Lees MH, Watson PT.

Utility of a screening examination of the fetal cardiac position and four chambers during obstetric sonography.

J Reprod Med. 1987 May;32(5):353-8.

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Grundy H, Burlbaw J, Gowdamarajan R, Walton S, Dannar C.

Antenatal detection of hypoplastic right ventricle with fetal M-mode echocardiography. A report of two cases.

J Reprod Med. 1987 Apr;32(4):301-4.

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De Vore GR, Sarti DA, Siassi B, Horenstein J, Platt LD.

Prenatal diagnosis of cardiovascular malformations in the fetus with situs inversus viscerum during the second trimester of pregnancy.

J Clin Ultrasound. 1986 Jul-Aug;14(6):454-7. No abstract available.

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Allan LD, Crawford DC, Chita SK, Tynan MJ.

Prenatal screening for congenital heart disease.

Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1986 Jun 28;292(6537):1717-9.

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Copel JA, Pilu G, Kleinman CS.

Congenital heart disease and extracardiac anomalies: associations and indications for fetal echocardiography.

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1986 May;154(5):1121-32. Review.

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Vutuc C, Bernaschek G, Beck A.

[Sensitivity of abnormality screening within the scope of routine ultrasound diagnosis]

Offentl Gesundheitswes. 1986 Apr;48(4):176-8. German. No abstract available.

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Copel JA, Kleinman CS.

The impact of fetal echocardiography on perinatal outcome.

Ultrasound Med Biol. 1986 Apr;12(4):327-35.

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Sholler GF, Whight CM, Celermajer JM.

Fetal echocardiography: experience and reason.

Med J Aust. 1986 Mar 3;144(5):250-2.

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Bakahrev VA, Karetnikova NA, Moiseeva EN.

[Use of fetoamniography in the prenatal diagnosis of fetal congenital developmental defects]

Akush Ginekol (Mosk). 1986 Mar;(3):18-21. Russian. No abstract available.

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Pilu G, Baccarani G.

Prenatal diagnosis of cardiac structural abnormalities.

Fetal Ther. 1986;1(2-3):86-8.

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Allan LD, Crawford DC, Anderson RH, Tynan M.

Spectrum of congenital heart disease detected echocardiographically in prenatal life.

Br Heart J. 1985 Nov;54(5):523-6.

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Schmidt W, Leucht W, Boos R, Tariverdian S, Rabe D, Walter C, Heberling D.

[Sonographic diagnosis of severe fetal malformations]

Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd. 1985 Aug;45(8):511-24. Review. German.

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Wladimiroff JW, Stewart PA, Sachs ES, Niermeijer MF.

Prenatal diagnosis and management of congenital heart defect: significance of associated fetal anomalies and prenatal chromosome studies.

Am J Med Genet. 1985 Jun;21(2):285-90.

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DeVore GR.

The prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease--a practical approach for the fetal sonographer.

J Clin Ultrasound. 1985 May;13(4):229-45.

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